Information for patients, relatives and carers

What is post-COVID syndrome?

Some people who contract COVID-19 will have ongoing symptoms of the illness for several weeks, known as long-COVID. However, around one in ten people have persistent symptoms which last for 12 weeks or more. This is known as post-COVID syndrome (PCS), and it can have a serious impact on someone’s quality of life, their relationships and their ability to work.

Post covid syndrome service


There are a large number of symptoms associated with PCS. 

Some of the most common include:

  • fatigue
  • breathlessness
  • headaches
  • brain ‘fog’
  • pain in the joints or chest.

PCS affects people of all ages, men and women. You don’t have to have had a particularly severe case of COVID-19, or have been hospitalised, to suffer long-term effects. There is no evidence that PCS is a permanent condition, and all indications are that – with the right support – people will continue to recover over time.

How can I get help?

If you have had symptoms of COVID-19 for 12 weeks or more, you should contact your GP. They will carry out a series of tests to rule out other causes for your symptoms and, if appropriate, refer you to the PCS service for specialist support and guidance. If you are suffering from chest pains or severe breathlessness, please contact your GP or NHS 111 as soon as possible.

What support does the PCS service provide?

PCS staff will undertake a more in-depth assessment of your symptoms and the impact these have on your life. This will usually be carried out either online, over the phone or – where appropriate and with the necessary safeguards – face to face. Your case will then be considered by a team of healthcare professionals to agree an appropriate course of action.

Depending on your symptoms, this may involve supporting self-management of your condition or signposting you for more specialist advice or treatment. You will hear from us initially via email or a letter, and then a member of the team will be in contact to discuss the plan with you and oversee your care.

Self-care and support for long-term recovery

There are a number of self-management resources available on managing fatigue, diet, breathing, relaxation and more, which we may provide to help you understand and manage your symptoms as you recover from COVID-19.

Alternatively, we may refer you on to a member of the team specialising in respiratory problems, persistent fatigue, mental health, speech or communication difficulties, physical rehabilitation or other services. If PCS is affecting your ability to work, you could be directed to our vocational rehabilitation team. The length of time needed to recover from the virus will vary from person to person. It’s important not to compare yourself to others. On-going symptoms could last for several months after you contract COVID-19, and this is not unusual.

More information

Click on the links below to access some resources and websites for further information and self–managing symptoms.

Understanding your symptoms and self- management advice

Your COVID Recovery | Supporting your recovery after COVID-19   


How to conserve your energy: practical advice for people during and after having COVID-19

Managing your recovery from COVID-19 related fatigue


How To Cope With Being Short of Breath - Breathing Exercises

How to Cope With Being Short Of Breath - Positions

Physiotherapy for breathing pattern disorders resources for physiotherapists (

Managing pain

Musculoskeletal Matters Dorset’s physiotherapy website which gives advice for self-management for musculoskeletal  aches and pain

Dorset Pain Management Service advice for managing pain

Support for your mental health:

Steps2Wellbeing – Dorset service for support with anxiety and depression. There is a link for self-referral.

Access Mental Health – support in the event of a mental health crisis

Managing changes with taste and smell

COVID-19 Introduction - Fifth Sense


Managing brain fog

Memory and concentration

Nutrition and digestion after COVD-19

Patient webinars: reliable nutrition information from qualified health professionals in Somerset

Nutrition and COVID-19 recovery knowledge hub: University of Plymouth

Returning to work guidance

Returning to work with on-going COVID-19 symptoms: Guidance for employees and managers - YouTube

Return to work guide: a guide for patients that can help them find out what they need to ask their manager to consider for their return or take it to their managers to help with a discussion

Support groups and help with lifestyle changes

Long COVID Support (national charity/support group)

Help in Dorset with lifestyle issues such as weight control and stopping smoking

Help for sleep

Adults - The Sleep Charity

InsightTimer: free app for sleep, anxiety and stress


Researching long COVID: National Institute for Health and Care Research

For integrated care service staff

NHS England » Supporting colleagues affected by Long COVID

Wellbeing support for Integrated care service staff

If you work for any of the following organisations you can access support from the integrated care service:

  • Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole Council (including BBML)
  • Dorset Clinical Commissioning Group
  • Dorset Council
  • Dorset County Hospital
  • Dorset HealthCare
  • Dorset’s Primary Care Networks
  • Dorset’s Independent Care Providers
  • South Western Ambulance Service
  • Tricuro
  • University Hospitals Dorset.

The ICS staff wellbeing service – Here For Each Other (

Post-COVID Syndrome (PCS) Service